The Centre develops common initiatives to address regional challenges to peace, security and development in its triennial Programmes of Action designed in consultations with the Governments of Central Asian states. The current Programme of Action for 2015-2017 focuses on four key priority areas, identified as:
(1) transnational threats and challenges;
(2) management of common natural resources;
(3) domestic factors affecting regional stability;
(4) building national/regional conflict prevention capacities.